Catan is a game that was released in 1995 under the name "The Settlers of CATAN". This game became very popular and now it is available in more than 40 languages. It is available as a physical board game as well as a computer or smartphone game. It will soon be released in a 3D version too.
In Catan, the goal is to build settlements, roads, and cities, and hiring knights. You can play by yourself or with up to 3 more friends.
Catan has 6 colorful, embossed wooden dice and 4 score cards called "building sheets." The dice have resources depicted on them, and each player can throw the dice up to 3 times when it's their turn, though they don't have to reroll all the dice. The resources shown by the dice will be used for the aforementioned goal.
The play is fast as you'll be done in around 15 minutes, especially if you play alone. This is because the maximum number of turns is 15.